[Expert Viewpoint] Three Thoughts on Logistics and Supply Chain


At present, our country has entered a period of deep-water reform of industrial adjustment and the new normal. After nearly 20 years of development, what problems still exist in logistics and supply chain management, and where will they go in the future? Below, the author will analyze and discuss the problems existing in the development of logistics and supply chain management from the perspectives of academia, business, and government.

Thinking Facing the Academic Circle

The first is the concept of logistics and supply chain management. Prior to 2001, my country’s understanding and interpretation of the concepts of logistics and supply chain management can be described as blooming. The timely publication of the national standard logistics term GB/T18354-2001 of the People’s Republic of China has become the legal basis for breaking disputes and regulating academic cognition. In order to meet the needs of the rapid development of the logistics industry and in line with international standards. However, with the development of logistics and supply chain management practices, the connotation, extension and basic cognition of these terminology standards have undergone great changes. For example, in the concept of logistics, whether it is appropriate to juxtapose functional elements such as distribution with warehousing and transportation; In the concept of supply chain, the business community has long since raised it from the cognitive level of enterprise manufacturing and product circulation processes to the cognitive level of the platform. The supply chain no longer has the concept of upstream and downstream, but a pan-platform application and application. management. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the academic community to sort out, re-recognize and redefine the national standard logistics terminology that has been in use for 15 years.

The second is the disconnection between theoretical research and practice. In my country, theoretical research on logistics and supply chain is basically lagging behind practice, which is consistent with the global theoretical development trend, such as QR, ECR, VMI, etc., all of which are applied in practice by the business community, and then the academic community will study them in depth. The theoretical implications. But on the other hand, most of the theoretical research in our country is not strong in guiding practice, or it is out of touch with practice that the academic circle should reflect on itself. Taking inventory management research as an example, the papers on theoretical research and analysis from many angles such as operations research and game theory can be described as numerous, but few have been recognized and applied by the industry, and theoretical research has basically become the self-entertainment of scholars. Zile’s theoretical sand base, lack of foundation and practicality, cannot be recognized by the business community.

The third is the unity of knowledge system, theoretical system, and subject foundation. At present, colleges and universities offering logistics-related majors are spread all over the country. According to incomplete statistics, more than 300 colleges and universities have set up logistics-related majors. These majors exist in the mechanical department (or college), industrial engineering department (or college), transportation department (or college), and e-commerce. Departments (or colleges), schools of management, schools of economics, etc., have different curriculum systems and standards. It is extremely common that they are independent and self-contained, and they lack a unified national knowledge system, theoretical system, and disciplinary basic requirements. This situation urgently requires academia to come up with countermeasures to change it.

Thinking in the business world.The penetration and understanding of supply chain management thinking is not thorough yet. At present, in our country, there is almost no real supply chain that operates based on the idea of supply chain management. How many supply chains have information sharing mechanisms on the information network? How many core companies have not exploited their suppliers? Which supply chain node company is willing to accept its own losses to obtain the best performance of the entire supply chain? ……It can be said that the current business community in my country only has a supply chain structure, almost no supply chain management, and some are just simple upstream and downstream transaction relationships.

Crude price competition between the logistics and supply chain fields, and even bloodshed incidents to protect their own regional interests have occurred from time to time. In the era of a fully free market economy, such violent methods are incompatible with the trend of social development. What companies need is to seize the market with their own good services and to arm their logistics processes with the latest technological means, so as to create value for customers and provide value-added services. For example, in response to the problem of no-load return cars in our country, many APP applications have appeared on the market at present. The use of network technology to realize the automatic matching of cars and goods and the implementation of rush orders is an inevitable trend in the development of logistics and supply chain management.

The credit and conscience of the enterprise. Enterprises need to develop, and it is normal to pursue profits, but they cannot obliterate their conscience and lose credibility. But at this stage, the credit of many enterprises in my country is worrying. For example, the chaos in the express delivery industry is often exposed. This is just a small window into the logistics industry. In addition, with the serious problems of air quality in my country, logistics companies should also have a sense of social responsibility, take the initiative to use technological means to reduce air pollution emissions, and modify or directly eliminate vehicles that do not meet the emission standards.

Thoughts on government management

How to implement supply-side reforms in the field of logistics and supply chain? On the macro level, my country’s logistics costs have always been high. The main reasons are the government’s administrative means of managing fines, highway tolls, and the extensive management of enterprises. For example, Shenzhen has begun to gradually abolish expressway tolls in the city, which is a model of supply-side reform to reduce logistics costs.


Many enterprises in the field of logistics and supply chain in my country hope to cut logistics and supply chains to form logistics enterprises and supply chain enterprises. This should be a development trend in the future, and these two types of enterprises have formed their own operating characteristics and enterprises. group. Therefore, it is necessary for the government management department to come up with corresponding countermeasures to define these two types of enterprises, and finally realize the distinction between the two in various fields such as enterprise declaration, tax reduction and exemption, and data statistics, which is also conducive to logistics and supply chain management. development of.

The national science and technology management department also has great room for improvement and improvement in the application of topics. For example, the suspension of the “973” and “863” plans in 2016 and the introduction of six new measures for the reform of the science and technology plan are a good start. In my opinion, in the application of projects in the field of logistics and supply chain management, it is necessary to emphasize the combination of scientific research institutions and enterprises. Because logistics and supply chain management is a highly practical field, if only a few articles are published, the overall level of my country's logistics industry will be limited.